online pdf Hundred Days AUTHOR Nick Lloyd – chernov–art.com
Xtent of the danger they were in and had to be convinced by a few kicks open of their defensive lines The last minute nature of the armistice led to confusion and deaths right p to and even past the time of the end of the war Foch handled three humongous armies and their varying commanders with great skill in what the western front always needed a completely coordinated multi stage operationLack of The Sweetest Burn (Broken Destiny, understanding this period had great dangers too Many Germans invented a pernicious mythology that exonerated the collapse of the army with dire future implications Up to today American historians often claim full credit for turning the tide while British ones pretend America had nothing to do with the end game Both are wrong as US troops were often though only initially woefullynprepared for the realities of combat in 1918 while also their numbers potential and eventual victories did indeed enable the 100 Days Offensive to go forward and win victory This was a book that had to be written The last one hundred days The Greek Tycoons Revenge until the armistice of WWI have not received as much attention as other parts of the war This is largely because it was believed that Germany lost the war already with the failure of its offensive on the western front the previous spring and the fall of 1918 was merely an endgame It didn t get the attention it deserved by early writers because of the stab in the back story that was widely circulated in Germany after the war to explain her defeat The last hundred days of the war and the complete ruin of the German army explain how the armistice happened even though the allies had not reached German soil Major battles included Amiens and the Argonne Meuse The Argonne Meuse fought by fresh American doughboys killed 50000 in a few days nearly half of the American soldiers lost in the war The book is replete with descriptions of the major battles and gives a flavor of the fear in the ranks the bloody killing and shelling the chaos of the fighting and the shattered landscaped that looked like something out of Dante s Inferno A good description of the lines of the map that the generals saw and the bloody terror that the soldiers witnessed This is a well written and broad history of the end of WWI on the Western Front What surprised me most in reading this book was the fact that after enormous battles like Verdun and the Somme and four years of what was at the time the bloodiest conflict in human history the war did not end with some climactic battle a la Waterloo Instead the German Army was simply worn down by the starvation and disease inflicted by the blockade Bolshevikprisings back home and mutiny within the ranks and the collapse of morale that came with the realization that America had entered the war fresh with a seemingly endless supply of men and materiel to draw from This lack of a marching through Berlin moment affected the post war German psyche and created the conditions for the rise of Hitler and the Second World War To a simple Corporal on the front lines in 1918 it looked like the same army that had been fighting since 1914 occupying French territory and despite losses generally still holding off every Allied attack Because the generals realized Germany was beaten but the populace did not narratives of a stab in the back by leaders intellectuals and Jews began to take hold It should be noted that in the Second World War the Allied Powers made sure the people of Germany were fully aware of what had taken place While there have been a veritable flood of books published on the origins of the First World War and the initial battles in Flanders and the Marne as well as long winded looks into the veracity or not of the Schleiffen Plan few books have ever been written on the final Allied offensive that broke the back of the German Army and ended the war And none that didn t focus on the entirety of the campaign as a whole not just one side or even one particular ally of one side This book a well written and excellent one fills that gap Hundred Days tells the oft neglected story of how the Allies won if not decisively the First World War defeated the German Army and drove it nearly to annihilation in a series of grinding attrition based offensives that also saw some examples of maneuver warfare towards the end Following their defeat of the Russian Empire in 1917 and yes it must be said that the answer to the rhetorically asked estion of whether one can win a land war in Asia is yes one can the Germans did in the First World War by trouncing decisively and completely the Russian Empirethe Germans after stopping briefly by Italy to smack them pside the head nearly taking them out of the war as well in the Caporetto Battles shipped large formations of veteran and well euipped men to the Western Front What made this so harmful to the Allied cause was a multifaceted problem First off the Allies were tired exhausted and drained of morale The grinding batt. Of American men and materiel as well as the bravery of French British and Commonwealth soldiers helped to turn the tide on the Western Front Many of these battle hardened troops had endured years of terror in the trenches clinging to their resolve through poison gas attacks and fruitless assaults across no man's land Finally in July 1918 they and their American allies did the impossible they returned movement to the western theater Using surprise attacks innovative artillery tactics and swar.
I picked this The Queens Choice up immediately after reading Nick Lloyd s excellent book on Passchendaele which I also recommend My knowledge of World War One mainly revolves around its causes a popular subject at O Level A Level and Degree when I was a lad and The Somme so a lot of this history was new to me The thing I like about Lloyd s books or the two I ve read so far is he tells the story not just from a British point of view So here he is good on how the German Army fell apartnder the constant pressure of Allied assaults and how the myth of the stab in the back that Hitler was to feed on perhaps because he felt it was true developed Lloyd s writing is sharp and straightforward His research i In the late summer of 1918 after four long years of senseless stagnant fighting the Western Front erupted The bitter four month struggle that ensued known as the Hundred Days Campaign saw some of the bloodiest and most ferocious combat of the Great War as the Allies grimly worked to break the stalemate in the west and end the conflict that had decimated Europe As with some of the books that I have recently read about The Great War by the time we get to the final chapters and the last of the conflict we sometimes miss out on the details leading to Armistice Day As the opening The Cowboy Wants a Wife! uote projects with the US heavily involved fresh for action the last push was often brutalMr Lloyd has done a very commendable job of concentrating on the movements of the belligerents involved With a writing style that keeps the reader engaged with the views of both the allied and axis on how and why the victories and failures led to the end Of course I would recommend numerous other books to get an overall concept of the War before attacking this novel but keep this close as a side by side to learn the struggles of the platoons companies and brigades involved This was my first book by this author and I would not hesitate to recommend this volume to anyone and will be looking for other books Did anyone really care whether Alsace Lorraine was French or German Using those words British history professor Nick Lloyd summedp German thoughts at the end of the Great War as the German government considered surrendering to the Allied forces in Fall 1918 in his new book Hundred DaysAugust 1914 young men from Britain to Austro Hungary marched gaily off to war They d be home by Christmas these fearless young men told themselves and each other But as the years went by with battles gaining literally inches and men living and dying in hideous trenches in France and Belgium by summer of 1918 the war was finally creaking to an end The American entry into the war in 1917 on the Allied side had given the French British and Dominion troops an added boost to those armies who had been fighting for three years often to a standoff with the Germans on the Western Front in a war of attritionNick LLoyd a senior lecturer of Defense Studies at Kings College London lost a great To Defy a Sheikh uncle at the French village of Gouzeaucourt just six weeks or so before the Armistice Lloyd has written an amazingly readable book about those last hundred days of WW1 He looks at the war from British German French and American sides and examines both the military battles at the Front and the political battles behind the scenes He includes maps at the front of the book which detail the battles fought and military lines that had to be crossed by the advancing Allies and defended by the GermansOne of the most interesting parts of the book deals with the political situation in Germany as the war caused the collapse of the Kaiser s government Lloyd looks at the cries of betrayal by the CommunistsBolshevicsJewsDefeatists that lasted well into the 1920 s and 30 s Nick LLoyd has done a wonderful job looking at a smallish slice of time in a much larger conflict Great book for WW1 history readers I always feel that WWI gets the shaft compared to WWII even though they are eually important for explaining the world in which we presently reside Even so after thoroughly exploring the main narratives in college I mostly focus on the forgotten fronts these days Italy vs Austria Hungary the Balkans the Middle East East Africa you name itBut one thing that always bothered me was that while the Western Front is covered to extremity particularly the very start of the war and the slaughterhouse battles of the Somme and Verdun a battlefield which I have personally visited and isite moving in its terrible and still scarred grandeur is how the last and arguably most important stages of the war the combined Allied offensives after the failure of the German gamble in Spring of 1918 gets overlooked Even Keegan s comprehensive war history blows through the 100 Days Offensive as if it was nothing but an epilogue and not the culmination of the war in EuropeThe Allies had perfected the hard lessons they had learned after years of failure Much of the German command was delusional about the In the late summer of 1918 after four long years of senseless stagnant fighting the Western Front erupted The bitter four month struggle that ensued known as the Hundred Days Campaign saw some of the bloodiest and most ferocious combat of the Great War as the Allies grimly worked to break the stalemate in the west and end the conflict that had decimated Europe In Hundred Days acclaimed military historian Nick Lloyd leads readers into the endgame of World War I showing how the timely arrival.
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Les of Paschendalle and the disastrous Nivelle Offensive which helped to cause a mutiny in the French Army had damaged the Allies than they had damaged the Germans and they were not prepared to face a new reinvigorated German offensive Secondly the Germans were bringing to the match new tactics tried and tested first against the Russians and then perfected against the Italians tactics that form the basis for infantry assault tactics to this day by the way and a sense of victory They believed that they could win the war and this mightily revitalized the German Army on the Western Front After all their comrades being shipped westwards had not only trounced the Italians and knocked the Russians out of the war but they had also conuered in a matter of days Romania in the first ever mechanized offensive in history Though minus armor the Germans never developed much in the way of tanks during WWIAll of this combined to make the German Arm Hundred Days The campaign that ended World War I by Nick Lloyd Basic Books 2014 Remarkable The Hundred Days from the middle of July 1918 through the beginning of November are the days when the British French and eventually the Americans having held off Ludendorff s final spring huge peace offensive finally turned the tide began advancing and broke the German army Lloyd The Highlander and the Wolf Princess (Legend of the Faol, uses every resource archives letters diaries books official accounts etc to describe how the Entente finally named a single generalissimo to coordinate all the armies Foch who planned the series of attacks that one after the other destroyed the Germans ability to resist His account goes from the highest strategic councils to thetter brutality and sualor of the combat I had no idea how much gas they Whiteout (Threes Allowed, used the Germans than the Allies I will never think of the French as surrender monkeys they bore the absolute brunt of the fighting and the war was almost entirely on their territory Lloyd explains that the Allies finally learned how to fight the Germans not with huge days long artillery bombardments that could be sheltered from and which told the Germans exactly where the attack would come but from secret carefully hidden buildups just behind the lines complete with deception and camouflage followed by sudden overwhelming terrible artillery bombardments that the troops finally knew how to follow behind Theysed tanks to excellent effect they controlled the air The Germans resisted the high command struggled and refused to acknowledge their losses and their deteriorating situation ntil the army itself began to crumble and rebel and desert and refuse to fight Lloyd says the reason the American divisions were so huge because they didn t have enough experience staff officers There was the culture clash the Brits were almost offended by the Americans informality and offhandedness It took a while for the Americans to learn how to fight At first they tried the old fashioned ways that didn t work mass attacks across the front which were slaughtered But they learned fast did a magnificent job a St Mihiel Casualties on all sides were enormous some of the highest of the war And there is no doubt that the Germans were beaten They had run out of men out of food out of euipment The Allies were driving them Hitler was wrong The Germans lost The book has excellent maps and a good bunch of photos Concise account of the Allied campaign that brought Germany to defeat in World War I Gives an nderstanding of just how much the Allies learned about 20th century warfare during 1914 1918 leading to tactical innovations that finally broke the stalemate on the Western Front Only drawback is a paucity of maps The Hundred Days is an incredible account of the final throes of WWI Usually I find lots of books on Verdun the Somme Ypres and the initial Widerness campaigns but I have neglected the end of the war I found this book an excellent detailed discussion of how the French British and US armies successfully broke the deadlock of trench warfare and restored the campaigns of maneuver The German Army could not hold against the massed firepower thrown against their it or the addition of 100000 US soldiers monthly Each German line was breached with enormous losses to both sides The Germans were at the end of the line What is also fascinating is the discussion of the Imperial high command and their lack of comprehension that they had lost the war a fact that every infantryman knew Even interesting is the coverage of the Kaiser s last days in power The armistice reuired his abdication although the old emperor was in the clouds till the last believing he would remain in power For the allies the guns fell silent on armistice day For the Germans they had to march home to fight the anarchists and bolsheviks and their revolution In amongst those soldiers was a young corporal recovering from mustard gas who believed the German army was bertrayed His name was Adolf Hitler and with him went the seeds of WWII. Ms of tanks and aircraft they pushed the Germans out of their trenches and forced them back to their final bastion the Hindenburg Line a formidable network of dugouts barbed wire and pillboxes After a massive assault the Allies broke through racing toward the Rhine and forcing Kaiser Wilhelm II to sue for peace An epic tale ranging from the ravaged fields of Flanders to the revolutionary streets of Berlin Hundred Days recalls the bravery and sacrifice that finally silenced the guns of Europe.