Yuval Noah Harari: קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut



Ws The conversation abruptly ended That is exactly the way I reacted to the self serving gibberish offered by Harari under the guise of scholarly presentation I see many people complaining about the wild leaps of logic and the lack of footnotes but honestly what id you expect in a 500 page book not even with small print that s supposed to give you a summary of all history from the emergence of Homo sapiens to the present Loss (Gus Dury, day Personally I thought the basic idea was terrific the author has taken it upon himself toefend the Book of Genesis and show you that it s all true I have seen creationists attempt the same thing and fail miserably with their pseudo scientific explanations of why the Earth is actually six thousand years old how the Flood explains geology etc None of this nonsense for clever Dr Harari He The Last Rite (Danilov Quintet, doesn t bother arguing about the places where science has obviously got it right the Big Bang plate tectonics evolution but takes them as givens Heoesn t get into the tangled reasoning about where a Creator might come into the picture here there is none Instead he cuts to the chase and gives you a story that s actually very interesting About ten thousand years ago people largely stopped being hunter gatherers and started being farmers This is usually presented by modern commentators as a Good Thing But in Genesis it isn t we are expelled from the Garden of Eden and forced to eke out a miserable existence tilling the unforgiving soil and now we have to live with the conseuences We have had the presumption to eat the fruit of the Tree so that we may become as gods knowing good and evil Harari ingeniously Alacrity (Illumine, defends the idea that this or less literally is what happened We became farmers then we startedeveloping better technology then we constructed cities and finally very recently we invented science We have made the most of our position as lords of creation riving many species extinct and turning a few others into efficient machines for producing meat But none of this has made us happier In fact as the Bible says it s made us and miserable We re evolutionarily adapted for being hunter gatherers not software engineers or stock traders We are on the verge of learning how to conuer eath and make ourselves immortal but even then we won t be as happy as we were back in the Garden We ll likely find new and even worse ways to cut ourselves off from our true heritageHarari takes the position that our great strength as a species the thing that sets us apart from all other living beings is our ability to make up stories about things that are only to be found in our imaginations and then treat them as though they were real by this process they become real As he points out empires and religions and money Love You To Death (Detective Ruby Preston, don t actually exist but now they rule our lives He s particularly interesting on the subject of money Again I can see some readers whoislike what they call his cheerleading for modern Western society I Arnhem don t think Harari is a fan of the West and the book is in my humble opinion not Eurocentric at all for example Harari seems to like Buddhism rather than Christianity He s just pointing out the indisputable fact that Western society has taken over the world and he ascribes that than anything else to the West s ability to make up a better story about money which we call capitalism If this is where you re coming from talking about the power of myth to transform human existence youon t go overboard with the footnotes There are no footnotes in the Bible You Fitness for Living do your best to tell a great story and you hope that it will transform our existenceI think Harari sone pretty well here in terms of achieving those goals Kudos I also have a frivolous review of the book here Choose Your Fictions CarefullyThere are far too many fascinating assertions in this book to even mention But for me the most fascinating is Harari s idea of the Cognitive Revolution which took place about 70000 years ago We might call it the Tree of Knowledge mutation Why Love Is Blind did it occur in Sapiens DNA rather than in that of Neanderthals It was a matter of pure chance as far as we can tell But it s important to understand the conseuences of the Tree of Knowledge mutation than its causesIt is this mysterious and as yet unexplained change in human genetics that he pinpoints as the primary reason for the ultimate success of the species Homo Sapiens in competition not just with established flora and fauna but with other human forms Interestingly Harari s argument also establishes the anthropological foundations for literary post modernismTo over simplify but not by much the Cognitive Revolution of Sapiens is precisely the ability to tell and eventually read and write stories that is fictional narratives which are interesting entertaining and above all convincing This ability an evolutionary enigma because itoes not give obviously immediate advantage underlies human ability to organize beyond very small units to cooperate in matters of survival and to prevail against competing species which are stronger uicker better adapted to the environment able to speak in a varied manner and even cleverThese narratives according to the narrative told by Harari begin in gossip talk among ourselves about ourselves which is a behaviour that is now as far as anyone knows uniue to Homo Sapiens and may even have even been uniue among others of the genus Homo Gossip leads to shared tales about common experiences ancestors and problems These tales evolve into myths which are widely shared and identify large groups as us There are no gods in the universe no nations no money no human rights no laws and no justice outside the common imagination of human beingsSuch tales incrementally employ an increasing lexicon of fictional that is to say abstract ideas It is these ideas which allow the ultimate success of Sapiens not necessarily because of their pragmatic ualities but because whatever they are they are shared Myths it transpired are stronger than anyone could have imagined When the Agricultural Revolution opened opportunities for the creation of crowded cities and mighty empires people invented stories about great gods motherlands and joint stock companies to provide the needed social links While human evolution was crawling at its usual snail s pace the human imagination was building astounding networks of mass cooperation unlike any other ever seen on earth As modern existential and linguistic philosophers have thought for some time these ideas scientific religious technological social legal are fundamental fictions that become progressively indistinguishable from the natural world which is apart from the imagined world of language As Harari states what is a reiteration of this philosophical conclusion Three main factors prevent people from realising that the order organising their lives exists only in their imagination a The imagined order is embedded in the material world b The imagined order shapes our esires c The imagined order is inter subjective It is this invisibility of these linguistic fictions which constitute aily life that is both the greatest strength and greatest flaw of our species We are able to organise ourselves because of them to travel to the Moon We are also able to believe a half The World in the Curl dozen untruths before breakfast The internet is perhaps the best example of the paradox of our fraught existence since it promotes both cooperation and masseceit For me the implications are clear 1 literature is the only hope for the world Fiction novels fairy tales fantasies and lots of em are the only means to get a grip on reality Reading lots of fiction Connexity developes the aesthetic sense And it is only through aesthetics that one canecide what is important and how to A Personal Influence deal with what is important 2 It is also clear to me that novels cultivated our species genetically over millennia for this very reason to get us better at reading themPostscript For a rather plausible opposing view to Harari s se. Eties the animals and plants around us and even our personalities Have we become happier as history has unfolded Can we ever free our behaviour from the heritage of our ancestors And what if anything can weo to influence the course of the centuries to come Bold wide ranging and provocative Sapiens challenges everything we thought we knew about being human our thoughts our actions our power and our futu.

Yuval Noah Harari Ü 5 Summary

BOOKS קיצור תולדות האנושות‎ Ḳitsur toldot ha enoshut by Yuval Noah Harari – chernov–art.com

Is there anything Americas First City dangerous thanissatisfied and irresponsible gods who Bone Mountain (Inspector Shan, don t know what they want What a fantastic book I can see why everyone from Bill Gates to Barack Obama was raving about it It s an extremely compelling accessible history almost like a novelization of humankindI ve read a few of these brief history of the world books most notably A History of the World in 100 Objects and Bryson s A Short History of Nearly Everything I liked both but neither is as engaging as this book Also Harari s book stays vague on the physicsinosaurs and such unlike Bryson s work making this not so much about the whole universe but specifically about humans Or I should clarify homo sapiensMost of all I like how easy to Neutered by the vet (The League of Dominant Women digest the author makes all this information I have a lot of respect for authors who can present something complex in simple terms I ve always liked the uote attributed to Einstein If You Can t Explain it to a Six Year Old You Don t Understand it Yourself Anyone with a thesaurus can make something seemense and complicated than it is it s much harder to explain something long and complicated in a way that everyone can enjoyAnd it Charity Girl does read like a really exciting and fascinating novel Harari takes us through the history of humanevelopment and migration through the Cognitive Revolution view spoilera sudden increase in cognitive ability around 70000 years ago not the 1950s intellectual movement hide spoiler This book had changed my life the way I think the way I precept the worldI think it should be an obligatory book for everyone on this planet History and Sociology for Dummies this book is almost irrecoverably watered Alipio down intellectually and for all those commenters that think I am calling themummies I am simply referring to the popular XXX For Dummies books and I am not intentionally insulting folks that enjoyed the book Sapiens Seducing Ingrid Bergman does make some interesting points and This book is a superficial gloss on human history Nice try but it excludes too muchata in favor of an overarching conceptual view to be eeply interesting Stopped reading for reasons etailed below at p 304 of 416Considering the outlandishness of some of its claims the A Secret Place downside of the Agricultural Revolution the joys of Empire the book seems weirdly under sourced The bibliography is beyond meagre Don t get me wrong I like a little informed speculation as much as anyone Take for example the claim that houses their advent became the psychological hallmark of a much self centered creature p 99 I for one would beelighted to know how one can Scandalous (Playing with Fire discern the psychology of someone who lived than 9000 years ago The apparently relevant note cited is 2 Robert B Marks The I believe I am relatively familiar with history in general and I m usually not very excited about reading about it But this book was something else Beautifully written and easy to read this book just made me want to know and about how the author thinks the world evolved to what it is today Revolution by revolution religion by religion conception by conception things were simplified and yet still maintained valid points and it was never boringThe best thing about it was that it actually made me thinkThe authoroesn t treat you as ignorant at all he Brute Force (Nick Stone, doesn t assume you know nothing but assume you know a lot and understand a lot andoesn t lecture about anything and that attitude makes the book a pleasure to readJust read it It is again unpopular opinion time It seems it becomes a rule for me not to enjoy a book that everyone seems to love Well someone has to Here we go with the review Prepare your tomatoes and raw eggs someone actually threw a raw egg at me once for fun but it bounced from my bum Sapiens beginning was fantastic I loved the author s voice and the information about the early Beautiful Breasts Pictures days of the human kind was fascinating Iid not read any non fiction about the origin of humans so I was excited to understand our origins better I could not stop highlighting interesting passages to include in my review or to read later Here are some of the ones that picked my interest It s relatively easy to agree that only Homo sapiens can speak about things that To Risks Unknown don t really exist and believe six impossible things before breakfast You could never convince a monkey to give you a banana by promising him limitless bananas aftereath in monkey heaven Telling effective stories is not easy The When You Look Up difficulty lies not in telling the story but in convincing everyone else to believe it Much of history revolves around this uestion howoes one convince millions of people to believe particular stories about gods or nations or limited liability companies Yet when it succeeds it gives Sapiens immense power because it enables millions of strangers to cooperate and work towards common goals However everything started to go The Vampire Next Door (Strange Neighbors, downhill from somewhere in the middle of Part II From an eager and excited reader I slowly became pissed offisappointed and struggled to finish I had several problems that plagued my reading experience and I plan to exemplify them below First of all I soon grew tired of the author s ironic and condescending humor His ego was transpiring from all his words and his personal opinions and the way he tried to enforce them annoyed me and Secondly I felt like many of his assumptions and extrapolations had no proof and they only represent the author s personal opinion For example the way he supported for the whole book that humans were better of as hunter gathers without bringing no real arguments to support his opinionFinally I had a problem with the scope of Sapiens As the titles suggests the book tries to be A Brief History of Humankind I believe he Any Girl Can Be a CandyKiss Girl! / Tea with the Birds / The G-SUS Gene did not succeed very well too that and the reason is that it is uite impossible to Scandal! do what the author planned in less than 500 pages The task is too vast The result is mix of everything with no structure jumping from one subject to another and confusing the reader The information was too vague too general it all resembled a set of interesting triviaWhen reading other negative reviews of Sapiens I stumbled repeatedly on a recommendation Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies The book was already on my TBR so it is going to be the next read on the subject I hope it will be better Sapiens A Brief History of Humankind is a book bound to appear on a large number of coffee tables and favorite lists and be picked up even by those who normally would not find the time for reading It will certainly not be the next A Brief History of Time which is often named as the world s top unfinished popular bestsellerBoth A Brief History of Time and Sapiens share a similar worthy goal to explain complex issues in a way which can actually be understood and comprehended by most people Just as A Brief History aimed at explaining cosmology to a lay audience Sapiens aims to provide a readable and concise historical summary of the progress of human evolution all in under 500 pagesIs this possible Of course not histories of individual countries often take up several volumes and histories of entire civilizations and ultimately an entire specie would take up hundreds if not thousands of volumes Because Harari s book is limited to just a single volume and a relatively short one at that he has to severely limit his scope to what he considers to be the biggest life changingevelopments of our species which essentially reduces it to a collection of trivia about these events But that s not the true flaw of the book Sapiens begins strong enough with a very interesting presentation of early human history and The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel development of early human species which culminated in the rise and eventualominance of our own the Homo Sapiens However the rest of the book consists largely of author s own musings and thoughts about the human condition and character while some of these thoughts I find interesting and agreeable such as our collective belief in the value of money one thesis he that he pu. 100000 years ago at least six human species inhabited the earth Today there is just one Us Homo sapiens How Pilgrimage (1920) did our species succeed in the battle forominance Why Shapely Ankle Preferrd did our foraging ancestors come together to create cities and kingdoms Howid we come to believe in gods nations and human rights; to trust money books and laws; and to be enslaved by bureaucracy timetables and consumerism And what will our

T forward struck me as truly bizarreBasically Harari considers the agricultural revolution to be history s biggest fraud which instead of improvement left humans who settled Sword at Sunset down to farm worse off and miserable than their nomadic foraging ancestors To prove his point Harari waxes poetics about hunter gatherers and theiraily existence they lived in egalitarian communes where property and love was freely shared and were much adept at survival in the wilderness than their Fair Play (Zephyr Ranch descendants who plowed the fields Hunter gatherers had to have a much larger knowledge of their surroundings and possessed vastly superior mental reflexes and physicalexterity which put future generations to shame Although we have since gained vast knowledge as a collective Harari argues that on the individual level ancient foragers were the most knowledgeable and skillful people in historyFor Harari our foraging ancestors were not only mental and physical supermen but also enjoyed a much comfortable and rewarding lifestyle than all the subseuent peasants workers and office clerks They worked fewer hours and since they had no homes they also had no household chores this allowed for plenty of free time to play with one another tell stories and just hang out Since foraging necessitated exploration it also provided plenty of adventure what better thing to o than explore new places to look for cool plants and other edible things Because they were always on the move and therefore not ependent on a single source of food hunter gatherers enjoyed a superior multi nutrient Cronache della famiglia Wapshot diet and were less likely to suffer from hunger and starvation than subseuent agricultural societies which oftenepended on a single crop and not only were receiving much less nutrients but also suffered heavily from famines when their food source failed Farming Bah HumbugTrue there were some rawbacks Harari reluctantly agrees Although some lucky souls made it longer life expectancy averaged only 30 to 40 years Children ropped The Secret Life of Birds dead like flies and sometimes wild tigers came out of the bushes and ate you and your whole family and tribe Not to mention that sometimes you and your band wandered and wandered and the food simply wasn t there Or even worse the food was there but so was another tribe which was not exactly keen on sharing their already limited supply What about this It would be a mistake to idealize the lives of these ancients says the author though Io not really understand why since this is exactly what he appeared to be The Great Silent Grandmother Gathering doing though they lived better lives than most people in agricultural and industrial societies their world could still be harsh and unforgiving Ain t that the truth Sometimes life is just hard Rocks fall everyoneies But agricultural revolution It sucked Harari argues First he has unnamed and presumably fictitious scholars proclaim the New Penguin Cookery Book development of agriculture as a great leap forward for humanity which produced ever intelligent peopleable toecipher nature s secrets But this is not true there is no evidence that people became intelligent with time he says as foragers knew the secrets of nature long before the Agricultural Revolution since their survival Wrong Pong depended on an intimate knowledge of the animals they hunted and the plants they gathered As I mentioned above Harari states that agricultural revolution made things worse for farmers it robbed them from excitement of hunting and gathering by forcing them to settleown next to their fields and perform menial farm work which strained our joints and spine Although farming provided a surplus of food it Dealmakers Guide To Commercial Real Estate did not provide the farmer with a betteriet robbing us of the The Contest of the Century diversity of meals experienced by a hunter gatherer Farming also failed to provide us with economic security crops can always fail and lead to hunger whereas hunter gatherers can always move on and hunt for other types of food unless of course theyo not find any and starve to The Battle of the Atlantic death Farmers also had to stay andefend their land if attacked by a hostile group whereas foragers could always escape to another area look for food there and survive they could of course end up not being able to escape who can fight or run on an empty stomach ornot find any food and starve to The Real Dads Army deathSo what exactly has agriculture everone for us Since it has taken so much not only from our fathers but also from from our fathers fathers what has it ever given us in return The aueduct Sanitation Wine And why have humans not returned to hunting and gathering but stubbornly toiled their fields and broke their miserable backs while they could be climbing trees and camping in the wilderness The answer is simple food allowed women to have children often and even though they still Model-Based Systems Engineering with OPM and SysML died fairly often this time births outpacedeaths several times Village population increased and soon entire generations of people no longer remembered the good old Pour une branche de gui days of running in the forests and looking for berries The trap Harari writes was shutHe goes on to say Since our affluence and security are built on foundations laid by the Agricultural Revolution we assume that the Agricultural Revolution was a wonderful improvementYet we are wrong in thinking this because it is wrong to judge thousands of years of history from the perspective of today though apparently not when it comes to foraging which was a blast by all accounts that is the author s Harari neglects to mention the exact reason why the agricultural revolution took place farming first arose in places where hunting and gathering was no longer possible and in the long run prevailed as the better option Hunter gatherers simplyid not choose to one Medieval Intrigue day walk out of the woods and startomesticating animals and plants they were forced to o that because the environment they were living no longer allowed for foraging to remain a via Had I stopped reading after the first section I have given this a five stars and whined that the Goodreads platform The Ghost That Haunted Itself doesn t aloe reviewers to go higher But Iidn t stop I kept reading until it got so bad I found myself unable to The Lucifer Code do than skim and eventually to just skipping large chunksIt starts out as a fascinatingiscussion of the The Pocket Idiots Guide to Wine development and rise of our species homo sapiens But starting in the second section on the Agricultural Revolution Harari shift gears androps any pretense of an scholarly work From that point on it s all personal bias all the time This guy absolutely hates human beings and society It seems that he is completely stuck in the idea that the world would have been better off had humanity simply stayed put in the hunter gatherer stageIt seems all the countless billions of humans who lived since then are eluded and on t get it and that only he understands Yeah rightOK There are worse sins than personal bias Many great writers have it and let it show But unlike Harari the good ones work to try to justify the positions they take Harari on the other hand just bombards readers with one opinion after another and treats them as proven fact even though what he says is often ebatable or out and out wrong That s one of the reasons I gave up on a close reading as I progressed into the second half Even when it seemed as if Harari was selling me something I idn t know which Jesus, the Word to Be Spoken did not occur often I simplyid not trust him An author can choose to forego many things Credibility and trust are not among themPerhaps the best way to illustrate this mess is through a conversation I once had among people who liked to Dead Souls (Inspector Rebus, discuss philosophy Somehow or other though this conversation veered off into a set of irritating rants on how western society sucks The thing that sticks out most in my memory is how the host went off on aiatribe about the greatness of nature and Native Americans and about how he was fine being a non vegetarian because the cows understood human need for meat and were happy to offer themselves as a precious spiritual gift to humanity My reply That conclusion is based on interviews with how many co. Orld be like in the millennia to come In Sapiens Dr Yuval Noah Harari spans the whole of human history from the very first humans to walk the earth to the radical – and sometimes evastating – breakthroughs of the Cognitive Agricultural and Scientific Revolutions Drawing on insights from biology anthropology paleontology and economics he explores how the currents of history have shaped our human soci.

Professor Harari was born in Haifa Israel to Lebanese parents in 1976 He received his PhD from the University of Oxford in 2002 and is now a lecturer at the Department of History the Hebrew University of Jerusalem He specialized in World History medieval history and military history His current research focuses on macro historical uestions What is the relation between history and biolo