Lara Vapnek: Breadwinners

How working men fought to preserve their manliness via unions and other forms of labor organization not many accounts exist of the ways working women demanded they be seen as useful and important breadwinners of their families Vapnek feels and I agree that she has added to the discussion of women s labor by explaining how working women s search for independence affected the work they chose to do and the strategies they used to achieve reform. E Women's Educational and Industrial Union and the Women's Trade Union League Locating households as important sites of class conflict Breadwinners recovers the class and gender politics behind the marginalization of domestic workers in debates over labor reform while documenting the ways in which working class women raised their voices on their own behal.

Summary Breadwinners

Of agitation for women s rightsShe claims that by taking a broader view of women s rights and including economic rights with suffrage enables historians to see this time period as a vital moment in the women s movement She also points out that other authors tend to focus on middle class and elite reformers and often ignore working class women s contribution to the cause Vapnek states that although historians often give compelling accounts of. Nched a series of campaigns to gain economic euality and political powerFocusing particularly on disjunctions between middle class and working class women's notions of independence Vapnek highlights the specific contributions of reformers such as Jennie Collins Leonora O'Reilly and Helen Campbell and organizations such as the National Consumers' League th.

Excellent This book challenges traditional historiographical discussions by claiming that the women s grassroots labor reform efforts were not the result of issues caused by male dominated workforce and unions or the elite women s idea that working class women should provide domestic service but rather was due to working women s desire for independence In addition Lara Vapnek points out that many scholars view the Gilded Age as a low point. This study of feminist labor reform examines how working women pursued euality by claiming new identities for themselves as citizens and as breadwinners Lara Vapnek tells the story of American labor feminism from the end of the Civil War through the winning of woman suffrage rights a period in which working women in the nation's industrializing cities lau.

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